Clinical UM Guideline


Subject:Septoplasty
Guideline #:  CG-SURG-18Current Effective Date:  10/08/2013
Status:ReviewedLast Review Date:  08/08/2013

Description

Septoplasty is a surgical procedure performed to correct airway obstruction related to the nasal septum. These obstructions can be caused by structural deformity, disease or trauma. This document addresses indications for septoplasty.  

Note: Please see the following related documents for additional information:

Clinical Indications

Medically Necessary:

Nasal septoplasty is considered medically necessary for the following conditions when an appropriate and reasonable trial of conservative management (which might include use of topical nasal corticosteroids, decongestants, antibiotics, allergy evaluation and therapy, etc.) has failed.

Not Medically Necessary: 

Septoplasty is considered not medically necessary for any of the following:

Coding

The following codes for treatments and procedures applicable to this document are included below for informational purposes.  A draft of future ICD-10 Coding (effective 10/01/2014) related to this document, as it might look today, is included below for your reference.  Inclusion or exclusion of a procedure, diagnosis or device code(s) does not constitute or imply member coverage or provider reimbursement policy.  Please refer to the member's contract benefits in effect at the time of service to determine coverage or non-coverage of these services as it applies to an individual member.

CPT 
30420Rhinoplasty, primary; including major septal repair
30520Septoplasty or submucous resection, with or without cartilage scoring, contouring or replacement with graft
30620Septal or other intranasal dermatoplasty (does not include obtaining graft)
  
ICD-9 Procedure 
21.5Submucous resection of nasal septum
21.84Revision rhinoplasty (rhinoseptoplasty)
  
ICD-10 ProcedureICD-10-PCS draft codes; effective 10/01/2014:
09BM0ZZExcision of nasal septum, open approach
09BM3ZZExcision of nasal septum, percutaneous approach
09BM4ZZExcision of nasal septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach
09SM0ZZReposition nasal septum, open approach
09SM4ZZReposition nasal septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach
09TM0ZZResection of nasal septum, open approach
09TM4ZZResection of nasal septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach
090K0ZZAlteration of nose, open approach
090K3ZZAlteration of nose, percutaneous approach
090K4ZZAlteration of nose, percutaneous endoscopic approach
090KXZZAlteration of nose, external approach
  
ICD-9 Diagnosis 
470Deviated nasal septum
478.11-478.19Other diseases of nasal cavity and sinuses
754.0Certain congenital musculoskeletal deformities of skull, face, and jaw (deviation of nasal septum, congenital)
784.7Epistaxis
802.0-802.1Fracture of nasal bones
905.0Late effect of fracture of skull and face bones
  
ICD-10 DiagnosisICD-10-PCS draft codes; effective 10/01/2014:
J34.0Abscess, furuncle and carbuncle of nose
J34.1Cyst and mucocele of nose and nasal sinus
J34.2Deviated nasal septum
Q67.4Other congenital deformities of skull, face and jaw
R04.0Epistaxis
S02.2XXA-S02.2XXSFracture of nasal bones
   
Discussion/General Information

Deviation of the nasal septum is a common cause for nasal obstruction. Septal deviation occurs when the septum, which divides the two sides of the nasal cavity, is displaced from a straight vertical alignment causing blockage of airflow through one or both sides of the nose. The change in airflow can contribute to mucosal drying leading to epistaxis and sinusitis. Frequently these complications respond to medical treatment such as antibiotic and steroid therapy. When medical management is not successful, a septoplasty is considered. This surgical procedure, usually performed under local or general anesthesia, corrects nasal septum defects or deformities by alteration, splinting, or partial removal of obstructing structures. Septoplasty is usually done to improve breathing, but it also may be performed to assist in the management of polyps, tumors or epistaxis.

Moore and Eccles (2011) reported on a review of 14 articles in which nasal airflow was measured before and after septoplasty due to nasal obstruction because of septal deviation. The articles were limited to those with surgery on the nasal septum (including septoplasty, submucous resection and septal deviation corrective surgery) and articles with different forms of objective measurement of nasal airflow including rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry and peak nasal inspiratory flow. The 14 articles included 536 participants and all showed "objective evidence that septal surgery improves nasal patency."

References

Peer Reviewed Publications:

  1. Lawrence R. Pediatric septoplasy: a review of the literature. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012; 76(8):1078-1081.
  2. Moore M, Eccles R. Objective evidence for the efficacy of surgical management of the deviated septum as a treatment for chronic nasal obstruction: a systematic review. Clinical Otolaryngology, 2011; 36(2): 106-113.
  3. Sedaghat AR, Busaba NY, Cunningham MJ, Kieff DA. Clinical assessment is an accurate predictor of which patients will need septoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2013; 123(1):48-52.
  4. Stewart MG, Smith TL, Weaver EM, et al. Outcomes after nasal septoplasty: results from the Nasal Obstruction Septoplasty Effectiveness (NOSE) study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004; 130(3):283-290.

Government Agency, Medical Society, and Other Authoritative Publications:

  1. American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). Clinical indicators septoplasty. 2012. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/Practice/Septoplasty.cfm. Accessed on June 7, 2013.
  2. American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Position paper. Nasal surgery. Recommended insurance coverage criteria for third-party payers. July 2006. Available at: http://www.plasticsurgery.org/Documents/medical-professionals/health-policy/insurance/Nasal-Surgery-Insurance-Coverage.pdf. Accessed on June 7, 2013.
  3. American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Practice parameter. Nasal surgery. July 2006. Available at: http://www.plasticsurgery.org/Documents/medical-professionals/health-policy/evidence-practice/Nasal-Surgery-Practice-Parameter.pdf. Accessed on June 7, 2013.
  4. Cummings CW, Flint P, Haughey B, et al. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby. 2005.
Web Sites for Additional Information
  1. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and & Immunology. Available at: http://www.aaaai.org/home.aspx. Accessed on July 12, 2013.
  2. American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). Fact sheet: deviated septum. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/deviatedSeptum.cfm. Accessed on June 7, 2013.
Index

Nasal Obstruction
Septal Deviation

History
StatusDateAction
Reviewed08/08/2013Medical Policy & Technology Assessment Committee (MPTAC) review. Updated References.
Revised08/09/2012MPTAC review. Updated Discussion/General Information and References. Clarification to Clinical Indications.
Reviewed11/17/2011MPTAC review. Updated Discussion/General Information and References.
Reviewed11/18/2010MPTAC review. Updated References.
Reviewed02/25/2010MPTAC review. Updated References.
Reviewed02/26/2009MPTAC review. Updated References and Web Sites. Removed Place of Service.
Reviewed02/21/2008MPTAC review. References and Coding updated.
Reviewed03/08/2007MPTAC review. References and Coding updated.
New03/23/2006MPTAC initial document development.