|Subject:||Nasal Valve Suspension|
|Policy #:||SURG.00079||Current Effective Date:||07/09/2013|
|Status:||Reviewed||Last Review Date:||05/09/2013|
Nasal valve suspension refers to a surgical approach for nasal valve repair that involves suspension of the valve to the orbital rim or the use of lateral suture(s) suspension. This document addresses nasal valve suspension for nasal valve collapse.
Investigational and Not Medically Necessary:
Nasal valve suspension as a surgical technique for the repair of nasal valve collapse is considered investigational and not medically necessary.
The first report on nasal valve suspension as a simplified technique for nasal valve repair was published by Paniello (1996). This report, based on the experience with 12 individuals, concluded that nasal valve suspension was effective at providing symptomatic relief of airway obstruction. A more in depth report (Friedman, 2003) discusses the experience of the procedure (with slight modifications) in over 100 individuals. The results indicate that the vast majority of individuals undergoing nasal valve suspension surgery had a self-reported improvement in airway symptoms. The study did, however, have several limitations. First, the follow-up for most individuals in the study was less than one year; long-term results are not available. Second, the basis for the improvement as reported by individuals is purely subjective and no objective measures were used to demonstrate effectiveness. Lastly, the authors indicated that the precise indicators for this procedure are unclear and require further study.
Friedman (2004) reported on 52 individuals thought to have nasal valve obstruction that were treated with a modified nasal valve suspension technique and had a mean follow-up of 12.6 months. Eighty four percent showed improvement in a quality of life (QOL) outcome measure (Sino-Nasal Outcome Test) and 94.2% had post–operative increases in cross sectional area as measured by acoustic rhinometry. However, the QOL tool used did not include either nasal stuffiness or nasal obstruction as one of the questions but instead asked about such sensations as alertness, energy levels and general well being. The authors acknowledge that many alternative surgical techniques are available to correct nasal valve obstruction, and that the long-term effectiveness of this suspension procedure remains to be evaluated. They conclude: "Long term studies are needed to assess the performance of this corrective technique" and "Follow up periods beyond 30 months will help determine the natural course of the suspended valve and the possibility of its release." To date, no well designed additional studies comparing nasal valve suspension with other surgical alternatives have been published.
Nasal valve collapse is a common cause of nasal airway obstruction. Nasal valve suspension refers to a surgical approach for nasal valve repair that involves suspension of the valve to the orbital rim. During the procedure, an anchored suture is first attached to the orbital rim and then a suture is passed through the collapsed valve. The suspension suture is then returned to the anchor site at the orbital rim and tied, resulting in a repaired nasal valve that presumably allows for less obstructed airflow. Modifications to this procedure or other types of suspensions, such as those using sutures tunneled within the facial soft tissue to an infraorbital incision on each side of the nose, have also been reported.
Acoustic Rhinometry: A technique that measures nasal patency; i.e., the degree of openness of the nose.
The following codes for treatments and procedures applicable to this document are included below for informational purposes. A draft of future ICD-10 Coding (effective 10/01/2014) related to this document, as it might look today, is included below for your reference. Inclusion or exclusion of a procedure, diagnosis or device code(s) does not constitute or imply member coverage or provider reimbursement policy. Please refer to the member's contract benefits in effect at the time of service to determine coverage or non-coverage of these services as it applies to an individual member.
When services are Investigational and Not Medically Necessary:
When the code describes a procedure indicated in the Position Statement section as investigational and not medically necessary.
|30999||Unlisted procedure, nose [when specified as nasal valve suspension by any method]|
|ICD-10 Diagnosis||ICD-10-CM draft codes; effective 10/01/2014:|
Peer Reviewed Publications:
Nasal Airway Obstruction
Nasal Valve Suspension
|Reviewed||05/09/2013||Medical Policy & Technology Assessment Committee (MPTAC) review. Updated review date, References and History sections.|
|Reviewed||05/10/2012||MPTAC review. Updated review date, References and History sections.|
|Reviewed||05/19/2011||MPTAC review. Updated review date, References and History sections.|
|Reviewed||05/13/2010||MPTAC review. Updated review date, References and History sections.|
|Reviewed||05/21/2009||MPTAC review. No change to position statement.|
|Reviewed||05/15/2008||MPTAC review. No change to position statement. References were updated|
|02/21/2008||The phrase "investigational/not medically necessary" was clarified to read "investigational and not medically necessary." This change was approved at the November 29, 2007 MPTAC meeting.|
|Reviewed||05/17/2007||MPTAC review. References updated.|
|Reviewed||06/08/2006||MPTAC review. Updated Description, Background and References.|
|Revised||09/22/2005||MPTAC review. Revision based on Pre-merger Anthem and Pre-merger Wellpoint Harmonization.|
Last Review Date
|WellPoint Health Networks, Inc.|
|3.03.25||Nasal Valve Suspension|